Medicinal and aromatic crops are plants that are cultivated for their medicinal, aromatic or therapeutic properties. These crops are grown specifically for the purpose of extracting or using active compounds present in their leaves, flowers, stems, roots or seeds that have beneficial effects on health, well-being or aroma. Medicinal crops are those that contain bioactive compounds with medicinal properties. These are used in various forms, such as herbal medicines, dietary supplements, or ingredients in pharmaceutical drugs.
Both medicinal and aromatic crops can be grown in specific climatic conditions or regions that support their optimum growth. They may require specific cultivation practices, harvesting techniques, and processing methods to preserve their active compounds and ensure a high quality product. These crops play an important role in traditional medicine, alternative medicine and the fragrance industry, providing a wide variety of benefits for human well-being.
Herbal crops refer to plants that are cultivated primarily for their medicinal or therapeutic properties. These crops are grown specifically for their herbal parts, such as leaves, flowers, stems, roots or seeds, which contain various bioactive compounds with health benefits. Herbal crops have been used for centuries in traditional medical systems such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Native American healing practices.