Organic farming refers to agricultural production systems reliant on green manure, compost, biological pest control, and crop rotation to produce crops, livestock, and poultry. Organic farming is dependent on developing ecological biodiversity in the plantation farm to interrupt the habitation of pests and diseases, and ensuring meaningful maintenance and improvement of soil fertility.
By all necessary means, organic farming does not allow the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, herbicides, or pesticides.
Need of organic farming
With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural production but to increase it further in sustainable manner. The scientists have realized that the ‘Green Revolution’ with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost for existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the present era, when these agrochemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.
The categories of registration certificates are as follows
Arrangements have been made by the department to give certificates of different categories to the farmers who take production using organic method for one year to three years. This process is scientifically sound and effective with a view to protect the interests of the farmers and get them a fair price for the organic products. It is being followed by many villages adopting organic farming in the state. Provision has been made to provide registration certificate of 3B2 for two years and 3A2 category for three years to the farmers adopting organic farming since one year.
The farmers doing organic farming are required to follow the basic standards as follows –
- No chemical fertilizers, plant protection / sleeping pills will be used.
- Use of rotten whey and cow urine as plant protection medicine.
- Seeds produced from genetic engineering should not be used.
- The residue should not be burnt after harvesting.
- Preference should be given to use of resistant/tolerant varieties.
- Crop rotation should be followed.
- Organic manure prepared from cow dung, biogas slurry, nadep compost, phospho compost, vermi compost, rhizobium, sphagholk eucalyptus moss, azolla etc. should be used for the supply of soil elements.
- Quick fertilizers – Matka compost, Bhabhut, Amrit water, Amrit Sanjeevani should be used.
- Bio-medicines should be used in seed treatment.
- Commercially prepared neem products should be used for the control of insects.
- Parasites, predators, micro-organisms should be used for pest control.
- Neem, karanj leaves, neem oil, niboli etc. should be used as plant protection drugs after the process.
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