Cottonis one of the main key crops which are grown in the southern economy regions.It is one of second largest producers in India. Cotton is one of the most cultivated Kharif crops in India, which economic importance is increasing day by day. Generally, cotton crop will require the long growing season of 120-180 days of frost free sunshine, proper amount of water and fertile soil. The soil should be above 60 degree Fahrenheit to germinate in proper manner.Cotton can be cultivated to have colors in the commercial Fabrics. Natural coloured cottons can come in red, yellow, green and several shades of brown.
Area of Cultivation:
Cotton Crop is cultivated in the major parts in the China regions. Due to this, China is the largest producers in the Cotton but this cotton is used as domestically. United States is the largest exporters in the world, which measures the approximately 0.48 cubic meters and weight226.8 kilograms.India is also one of the main cultivation areas, which comes in the top 10 exporters in the world. In India, the states of states of Maharashtra (26.63%), Gujarat (17.96%) and Andhra Pradesh (13.75%) and also Madhya Pradesh are the leading cotton producing states. To grow a cotton crop, will require the tropical wet and dry climate. These states have a predominantly tropical wet and dry climate.
Sowing of cotton is mainly depends on water resources. If proper amount of water is available, in that case it can grow in April otherwise it must be sown after the monsoon. The depth of sowing seed will be 23, 46 and 92 mm in each plot in a split manner design.
There is various type of cotton available in the world. But, In India 3 types of Cotton variety is available which are as –
Long staple cotton: It is longest fiber whose length from 24 to 27 mm.these type of cottons is superior in quality and largely grown in Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
Medium staple cotton: It’s length between 20 to 24 mm and Rajasthan, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. About 40% of total production is Medium staple cotton in India.
Short staple cotton: It is inferior type of cotton, which is found in 4% of total production in the world.